Although there is ample research about the effect of the Internet on bridging social capital (Donath & boyd, 2004; Ellison, Steinfield, & Lampe, 2007; Steinfield, Ellison, & Lampe, 2008), little empirical work has examined the effects of the Internet on bonding social capital (Williams, 2006).
The first aim of this study was to compare the quality of online, offline, and mixed-mode friendships (i.e., friendships that originate online and extend to offline settings) among users of a social networking site.
The second aim was to investigate the relative contribution of proximity, perceived similarity, and social attraction to the quality of each of the three types of friendships. Plan 9 from cyberspace: The implications of the Internet for personality and social psychology.
The differences in quality between online and offline friendships remained significant over time, but those between mixed-mode and offline friendships disappeared.
Proximity did not affect the quality of any of the three types of friendships. The development of a measure of perceived homophily in interpersonal communication.
We surveyed 2,188 members of a Dutch social networking site. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 4, 57-75.